Homoeopathy (Homeopathy)

Homoeopathy is considered to be an alternative mode of treatment, which embraces numerous scientific and logical concepts. This system of healing – Homoeopathy is quite old and is gaining fame all over the World in several countries such as United Kingdom, Europe, United States of America, etc. Homoeopathy is recognized by the World Health Organisation as the second leading curative system of treatment in use, in the World.

Homoeopathy is known to enhance the immunity and resistance in an individual. It treats by stimulating the body’s self-healing ability with the help of minute doses of potentized medicines. It considers every individual as a separate entity and treats the patient as a whole and not its individual parts or organs. It treats an individual as a whole, on the spiritual; emotional; mental and physical levels. This healing art was discovered by an old school German physician, Dr. Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), born in Germany.

Homoeopathic treatment is based on the Law of SIMILARS – SIMILIA SIMILIBUS CURENTUR, which means ‘LIKE CURES LIKE’. Aristotle and Hippocrates knew this law earlier too, but the credit of discovery and development of homoeopathy is given to Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, as he expanded the law and formulated it into a complete new system of therapeutics. The science of Homoeopathy rests on fixed principles, laws and doctrines. All these principles, laws and doctrines have a scientific background.

The term ‘HOMOEOPATHY’ is derived from two Greek words – ‘HOMOEOS’ & ‘PATHOS’, where ‘HOMOEOS’ means ‘SIMILAR’ and ‘PATHOS’ means ‘SUFFERING’ hence, ‘Homoeopathy’ means ‘similar to suffering’. This system is named as Homoeopathy, as it teaches the use of SIMILARS to cure SIMILARS. LAW OF SIMILARS is the basic foundation of Homoeopathy. Homoeopathy believes that if a substance can produce a symptom in a healthy person, then it has the ability to cure the same symptom in a diseased person.

Homoeopathy fails to treat diseases, it treat every individual suffering from a particular disease, as treatment in Homoeopathy is not based on the name of the disease (diagnosis). It is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient.

Homoeopathic remedy energizes the body’s self-healing powers, mobilizing the defence system and acts on the mental, emotional and physical aspects of the body. They are capable of influencing the state of mind & can cure mental & emotional disturbed states. Homoeopathic science identifies the psychological origin of bodily symptoms. These medicines are equally effective in chronic, acute and functional conditions. It fails to suppress the disease rather it eliminates the disease from the root cause. Homoeopathic treatment is harmless, gentle, rapid, powerful, effective, permanent and scientific form of treatment. Practice of Homeopathy is based upon science while, its application is an art.


  • Samuel Hahnemann was an orthodox physician who was dissatisfied with the practice of medicine in his days.
  • During those days, inhumane methods and harmful modes were used to treat the sick.
  • Dr Hahnemann disliked practicing these methods hence, for his livelihood; he decided to translate books from German to English and vice versa.
  • On one such occasion in 1790, when he was translating the second volume of “A Treatise of Materia Medica” by Dr. William Cullen, he came across a baffling statement regarding an explanation about Cinchona suppressing ague. It stated that the curative properties in Ague were due to its aromatic and bitter properties.
  • Unconvinced with this explanation Dr. Hahnemann decided to verify the facts by making a trial of the medicine on his own body.
  • As, he thought that there were several bitter and aromatic medicines, but all of them did not cure ague.
  • To experience the action of Cinchona, he himself took four drachms of Cinchona, twice a day, for several days.
  • To his surprise, he observed strong symptoms of paroxysm of ague.
  • With this, Dr. Hahnemann concluded that Cinchona, which cures ague, produces the same in healthy individuals.
  • Dr Hahnemann then for the following 6 years experimented with a series of active substances on him and found that all his experiments further strengthened his conclusions that the curative power of a drug arose from its ability to produce similar symptoms in healthy individuals.
  • This led to the discovery of Law of Similars – SIMILIA SIMILIBUS CURENTUR – LIKE CURES LIKE. Hence, 1790 is known as the year of discovery of Homoeopathy, but the Birth of Homoeopathy is known to be in the year 1796.


Homeopathy is a healing art, which is based on firm scientific ground. The numerous laws, doctrine, principles and concepts on which Homoeopathy is based are never changing and they are fixed. Homoeopathic treatment should adhere to these scientific and logical fixed concepts.

Some of the principles and concepts advocated by Homoeopathy are as follows:

Law of Similars

  • Phenomenon of Homoeopathic cure is based on this Law.
  • Law of Similars or Law of Similia states, “Disease producing property is the disease curing property”.
  • This law forms the foundation of Homoeopathic science of healing.

Law of Simplex

  • Law of Simplex states, “Only one single, simple medicinal substance is to be administered at a time in a case”.
  • As proving in Homoeopathy is done of a single drug at a time hence, mixing of two or more remedies at a time are not advisable; as no proving details are available.
  • Mono-pharmacy is practised in homoeopathy.
  • Only one single remedy, at any time can be the most similar remedy required to cure the presenting disease condition of the patient.

Law of Minimum

  • Law of Minimum states, that minute quantity of medicines is to be dispensed, as minimum dose is sufficient to excite the vital force (the dynamic influence, which maintains harmonious flow between the mind, body and spirit) and bring about the desired effect.
  • Even the smallest dose of potentized Homoeopathic medicine is capable of producing a desired effect.
  • Minimum dose does not produce any unnecessary aggravations.
  • Homoeopathy advocates the use of minimum dose, which is minimum in quantity but maximum in quality.

Doctrine of Vital Force

  • Vital force is the invisible vital energy that animates the organism.
  • The material body derives all sensations and performs all the functions of life solely by means of the immaterial being (vital force), which animates the material organism in health and in disease.
  • Vital force maintains the harmonious flow between the mind, body and spirit.
  • In health state, it is considered that vital force governs the life and maintains all the bodily sensations and functions in balance.
  • Derangement of the vital force gives rise to disease.
  • In cure, alteration of the altered vital force takes place.

Doctrine of Drug Proving

  • Drug Proving in healthy human beings is practiced only in Homoeopathy and in no other system of therapeutics.
  • Drug Proving is a systematic method through which the therapeutic power of a drug is tested.
  • In drug proving, the curative power of every drug is ascertained by administering it on healthy individuals and recording the changes produced by these drugs. Hence, the physician is already aware regarding the changes the medicine shall produce in the patient.
  • In Homoeopathy, only proved remedies are prescribed to cure patients.
  • Drug proving is done on a number of provers of different age, gender and body make up and also with different potencies of the same drug.
  • Drugs are proved only on healthy human beings and not on sick persons, as the symptoms of the drug to be proved, the disease symptoms will merge with each other, and an accurate picture of the drug will not emerge.
  • Drug proving is done only on health human beings and not on animals.

Doctrine of Drug Dynamization

  • During the preparation of a homoeopathic medicine, the medicine undergoes a process known as dynamization or potentisation; so that the dynamic medicinal properties which are latent in natural substances are aroused.
  • Through dynamization, substances that are medicinally inert in their crude form are made available for the curative purpose.
  • Dynamization enhances the medicinal power dynamically, hence these medicines are able to stimulate the dynamically deranged vital force and restore the state of health.
  • In the process of potentisation, the sources of drugs are diluted to such a great extend that there are only miniscule amounts of the original drug substance remaining in the homoeopathic medicine.
  • Dynamization helps in quantitative reduction and a qualitative enhancement of the medicinal substance.
  • Process of potentisation is achieved through either Trituration or Succussion.
  • Scales of preparation of medicines are centesimal (C); decimal(X) and millesimal (MM).

Doctrine of Chronic Miasms

  • Miasms are the chief disease-producing agents. They are the fundamental causes of all the true chronic diseases.
  • After 12 years of strenuous labour and experiments, Dr. Hahnemann identified the existence of three MIASMS – PSORA, SYCOSIS and SYPHILIS.
  • Each miasm has its own symptoms and mode of actions.
  • Psora is the most infections and the most difficult to cure of all the three miasms.
  • Psora miasm is considered to be the mother of all diseases.
  • Psora miasm is associated with functional disturbances; sycosis with outgrowths and syphilis with destruction.
  • Hahnemann concluded that cure is not possible in chronic diseases unless a suitable anti-miasmatic remedy is administered, which clears the miasm.

Direction of Cure

Homoeopathy follows a particular Law of direction of cure which states – Cure shall proceed from –

  • More important organ to lesser important organ;
  • Above downwards;
  • In the reverse order of appearance of symptoms (the symptoms which have appeared last, shall disappear first) and
  • Centre to periphery.

This law shall help the homoeopath to monitor the progress of cure and also identify whether the treatment is in the right direction. If cure, fails to follow Law of direction of cure then, it indicates that Homoeopathic cure is not taking place.

Holistic Concept

  • Homoeopathy considers the patient as a whole and not as separate parts.
  • Homoeopathy fails to treat the individual parts.
  • Vital force is responsible for the harmonious flow of life in mind, body and soul and derangement of vital force gives rise to disease, disturbing the harmonious flow and affecting the mind, body and soul. Hence, it is the whole individual, who is disturbed though the symptoms may be expressed in individual parts or organs. Therefore, in Homoeopathy, the patient is treated as a whole and not as individual parts.
  • In homoeopathic treatment, the individual is treated as a whole; considering the physical, emotional and spiritual aspects. While taking the case, especially in chronic diseases, the complete details of the patient are considered, not only of the individual parts.

Individualistic Concept

  • Every individual is considered as a different entity.
  • No two individuals or two remedies are considered alike. During drug proving, every homoeopathic medicine produces its own peculiar, uncommon and distinctive symptoms. Symptoms of no two drugs are same and every drug differs.
  • Reaction of every individual to a disease-producing agent differs. Hence, symptoms differ.
  • Every patient is considered as a unique patient expressing different set of signs and symptoms.
  • The most similar medicine to be administered is assessed through the presenting symptoms of the patient, which is different in all patients.
  • Dose, potency and repetition of medicine too, differ from patient to patient.
  • Homoeopathic treatment does not take place on the basis of the name of the disease; the medicine to be prescribed is based on the collection of symptoms presented by each patient.


Homeopathic medicines are derived from a huge range of natural sources and are prepared in such a way that they are devoid of any chemical toxicity. Basically the sources of homoeopathic medicines and few herbal medicines are same but the difference lies in the mode of preparation. There are a few substances, which are not used by any other system but is used effectively by Homoeopathy.

Sources of homoeopathic medicines are as follows:

Plant Kingdom

  • Most of the homoeopathic medicines originate from one or more parts of plants i.e. from flowers, roots, seeds, leaves, etc.
  • Some of the plant based homoeopathic medicines are Bryonia, Belladonna, Rhustox, Gelsemium, etc.

Animal Kingdom

  • Few of the homoeopathic medicines are obtained from animal products such as snake poison, spider poison, etc.
  • These products are used in extremely small doses to prepare the medicine.
  • Examples of medicines prepared from animal sources are – Naja Tripudians, Sepia, Tarentula Cubensis, Tarentula Hispania, Cantharis, etc.

Mineral Kingdom

  • Medicines prepared from minerals, include metals, non-metals, their compounds and acids.
  • To minimize the toxicity of the metals, metals are potentized with Lactose sugar.
  • Certain medicines prepared using minerals include Aurum Met, Cup Met, Fer Met, Calc Carb, Calc Phos, Phos, Natrum Mur, Kali Carb, Nitric Acid, Phosphoric Acid, etc.


  • This group contains medicines prepared from diseased parts or secretions containing bacteria, viruses or microorganisms.
  • The extract is subjected to the process of potentisation so that the toxicity can be removed.
  • Examples of nosode group are Medorrhinum, Tuberculinum, Variolinum, Syphilinum, etc.


  • Drugs belonging to this group are prepared from healthy tissues or secretions.
  • g. – Thyrodinum, Adrenaline, etc.


Drugs in this group are prepared from universal energies such as x-ray, magnetism, radiation, moon rays, etc.

One should not fear using medicines belonging to the nosode, sarcode or imponderabilia group as the process of potentisation dilutes the natural source to such a great extend that there are only miniscule amounts of the original drug substance remaining in the homoeopathic medicine.  Homoeopathic medicines should be used only under the supervision of a qualified homoeopathic physician.


The innovative method of drug preparation in Homoeopathy is known as Potentisation. Potentisation is a process in which the inert qualities of a drug are aroused. It utilizes a very small quantity of the original drug substance to prepare the Homoeopathic medicine. The vehicle used to prepare the homoeopathic medicine is dependent on the nature of the basic drug substance. The method of potentization is used to prepare medicines in the different potencies, that is, the centesimal potency (C), decimal potency (X) and millesimal potency (MM). Potencies are nothing but the drug strength of the medicine. Homoeopathic medicines are prepared as per the guidelines laid in Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia.

There are two mechanisms used in the process of potentization. They are:


  1. Succussion is a process in which preparation of medicines takes place by utilizing a liquid vehicle such as water or alcohol, by shaking in a definite pattern as per the Pharmacopoeia.
  2. Shaking every dilution is an important factor in the preparation of medicine.
  3. This vigorous shaking is known as succession.
  4. Medicinal substances which are soluble in alcohol or distilled water are succussed.


  1. Trituration is a process in which medicines are prepared by using solid vehicle such as sugar of milk, by grinding it in a definite manner as per the Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia.
  2. Drugs substances are triturated up to the 3c or 6x potency and then, they are converted into a liquid potency and further potentisation is done by succession.
  3. Substances insoluble in liquid vehicle are triturated.
  4. Sugar of milk is used as a vehicle in trituration as its crystalline particles are very hard hence, helping in grinding down the drug particles during the process of trituration.

Preparation of Centesimal Potency

  1. One part of the original drug substance is taken and is mixed with 99 parts of alcohol, distilled water or sugar of milk (used as a vehicle) and is subjected to powerful strokes, which convert the preparation into 1c potency.
  2. Now 1 drop of this 1c is taken and mixed with 99 drops of alcohol and again this mixture is subjected to powerful strokes converting the mixture into the 2c potency.
  3. Similarly, the process is repeated until the required potency is acquired.
  4. Homoeopathic medicines are commonly used in 6c, 30c, 200c, 1000c, 10000c, 50000c and 100000c.
  5. Centesimal scale potencies have the letter ‘c’ followed by the potency.

Preparation of Decimal Potency

  1. One part of the medicinal substance is taken and is mixed with 9 parts of alcohol, distilled water or sugar of milk and is subjected to powerful strokes which convert the preparation into 1x potency.
  2. Now 1 drop of this 1X is taken and mixed with 9 drops of alcohol and again this mixture is subjected to powerful strokes converting the mixture into the 2x potency.
  3. Similarly, the process is repeated till the required potency is acquired.
  4. Homoeopathic medicines are commonly used in 3x, 6x, 12x, 30x and 200x.
  5. Decimal scale potencies shall always have the letter ‘x’ followed by the potency.

The powerful strokes given in the preparation of the medicine are given by machines or by hand. When the strokes are given by hand then such potencies are known as ‘hand potencies’ and they are more costly as compared to the mechanical shaking. It is clear that the ratio between the medicinal substance and the vehicle in preparation of both the potencies are different. Hence, a 30c and 30x potency cannot be the same.

Preparation of Millesimal Potency

  • Hahnemann termed this potency as – “Renewed Dynamisation”.
  • The potencies prepared according to this method are denoted by prefixing ‘0’, representing symbolically – ‘medicamens au globule’ or by the letters ‘LM’.
  • One part of drug substance + 99 parts of vehicle is mixed to prepare 3c potency then, 3c potency is converted into liquid form by dissolving 1 part of 3c into a mixture of 100 drops of alcohol and 400 drops of distil water.

Advantages of LM potency

  • There is no fear of aggravation by administering it in high or low potency and in repeated doses.
  • This potency is powerful but mild in action.
  • Easy to select from a limited range of potencies
  • Action is quick and rapid.

They can be repeated whenever there is need for medicine according to Law of Similars. In acute fevers, can be repeated in short intervals while in chronic diseases this potency commencing from the lowest can be given daily and for months.

Difference between All the Three Scales of Potentisation

Centesimal Decimal Millesimal
Founder Dr. S. Hahnemann Dr. C Hering Dr. S. Hahnemann
Preparation One part of the original drug substance is taken and is mixed with 99 parts of vehicle One part of the original drug substance is taken and is mixed with 9 parts of vehicle. 1 part of drug substance  is mixed with 99 parts of vehicle, to prepare 3c potency then, 3c is converted into liquid form by dissolving 1 part of 3c into a mixture of 100 drops of alcohol and 400 drops of distil water.
Ratio 1:99 1:9 1:99
Drug strength 1/100 1/10
Symbolic denoted as C X LM or O
Application Used to make higher potencies Used to make lower potencies In chronic cases, pathological cases, etc.


  • Homoeopathic remedies are dynamic medicines, which act on the dynamic plane affecting the mind, energy and body.
  • Based on the totality of characteristic symptoms present, the most similar drug, which is known as the similimum, is selected.
  • This most similar homoeopathic remedy is administered in minute dose, which in turns acts on the deranged diseased vital force producing a stronger artificial disease.
  • The stronger artificial disease displaces the weaker natural disease.
  • Finally, the weaker artificial disease is eliminated from the body by the strong vital force, thus restoring health.

Homoeopathic remedies play a role in strengthening the resistive powers in human beings thereby, enhancing the quality of life of the patient. They stimulate the body’s own defence system to enable a complete natural cure. The action of the medicine begins as soon as the inner linings of the mouth absorb the medicine. Generally, treatment in homoeopathic takes place through the constitutional approach where the similar medicine selected is based on numerous factors such as physical make up of the patient; constitution; diathesis; desires; aversions; symptoms on the emotional, physical and mental spheres; etc. These factors can be derived by appropriate and genuine case taking. Homoeopathic cure should follow the Law of Direction of Cure.


Selection of medicine in Homoeopathy is not based on the name of the disease but is based on –

Application of Law of Similars

The drug symptoms that closely match the symptoms of the patient are to be administered. Drug symptoms are obtained from drug proving while symptoms of the patient are obtained from case taking.

Holistic Approach

Homoeopathy considers the human body as a whole and not as separate parts; as the human body functions as one integrated unit while performing any function. None of the important organs functions independently. Therefore, for homoeopathic treatment, the individual to be treated should be considered as a whole.

Individualistic Approach

No two individuals are alike nor are any two remedies alike hence for the treatment, every individual is considered as a different entity. Dose, potency and repetition of medicine too, differ from patient to patient. No two medicines are also alike. Every medicine has its own distinguishing features.

Totality of Characteristic Symptoms

All the characteristic symptoms, which help in individualising an individual, should be considered for selection of remedy. Characteristic symptoms on the mental, emotional, physical and particular levels are to be considered. Homoeopathy recognises the psychosomatic origin of disease hence; mental symptoms are given prime importance during the selection of remedy. Symptoms are gathered from proper in-depth case taking or case recording. Even the minute detail has to be recorded. Case taking forms a very important part of Homoeopathic treatment. Inappropriate details can lead to wrong selection of medicine, which can prevent cure and can make the curable case incurable. As it is rightly stated by Dr. Hahnemann, “a well taken case is half cured”. In chronic case taking, affections of the entire body are noted in details. While in acute case taking, the distressing and prominent symptoms are considered for selection of medicine. Case taking is the only mode of collecting symptoms in a patient and uncommon symptoms are the sole indicator to the selection of similar remedy, which leads to cure.


  • Homoeopathic medicines for internal use are dispensed in the form of pills, liquid or powder.
  • These forms are designed to boost the body’s natural healing forces.
  • The white sugar globules, pills, or powders are a medium for the transport of the medicine into the body.
  • The medicine is in the liquid form where, pills or powders act as a vehicle.
  • At times, the liquid form of medicine is dispensed in water too.
  • Ointments, gels and tincture are used for external use. These forms can be directed applied on the skin.
  • In unconscious patients, the liquid form of the medicine can be directly rubbed on the skin.
  • As long as the appropriate homoeopathic remedy is given, any mode of administration shall produce a favourable effect.


Every science has its own scope and limitation, Homoeopathy is no exception to this. There are certain conditions where Homoeopathy fails to produce cure. While in certain cases, Homoeopathy has a wonderful scope. All sorts of curable diseases can be cured by homoeopathy. Hence, it is a complete & perfect mode of therapeutics.


Homoeopathy has a vast scope in treating numerous disorders. It can be safely used in all stages of life such as childhood, teenager, adolescence or old age.

Homoeopathy can be successfully used in treating:-

  • Diseases with functional disturbances
  • Common paediatric problems, which are not life threatening
  • Complaints during pregnancy, labour and post partum
  • Skin diseases such as Urticaria, psoriasis, dermatitis, warts, eczema, corns, etc.
  • Psychosomatic diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome, migraine, acid peptic disease, irritable bowel syndrome, etc.
  • Female complaints such as menstrual irregularities, dysmenorrhoea, leucorrhoea complaints, menopausal syndrome, cervical erosion, cervicitis, reproductive tract infection, etc.
  • Psychiatric disorders like depression, anxiety, etc.
  • Diseases of viral origin such as rhinitis, hepatitis, measles, chicken pox, herpes, conjunctivitis, influenza, etc.
  • So called surgical condition such as benign prostatic enlargement, fissures, fistula, piles, renal calculi, etc.
  • Pre and post surgical conditions.
  • Before and after tooth extraction, to arrest bleeding.
  • Mechanical injuries such as fractures where homoeopathy helps in reducing the pain and in enhancing recovery
  • Epidemic conditions


Homoeopathy has limited scope in:

  • Diseases with irreversible advanced pathological changes.
  • Artificial chronic disease due to long continued use of large doses of allopathic medicines.
  • Cases with lacking individualising features those are useful in selecting the similar Homoeopathic medicine.
  • In patients lacking a vital organ.
  • In cases where surgery cannot be avoided.
  • In genetic, congenital and metabolic disorders.

In cases where Homoeopathy has a limited scope to cure; effective palliative relief, free of any side effects can be offered by Homoeopathy. Palliation too, follows Law of Similars.


Apart from acting on the curative aspect, Homoeopathy is also useful in the prevention of certain conditions. Homoeoprophylaxis offers remedies, which can abort, prevent and treat the existing disease. Homoeopathy aids on the preventive level by boosting the body’s immune system & improving an individual’s resistance to illness & infections. Along with the homoeopathic medicines, hygienic measures too, should be considered.

Types of Homoeoprophylaxis

Prevention in Homoeopathy is based on three types of homoeo-prophylaxis. They are-

Constitutional remedies

  • The constitutional remedy selected is based on the totality of symptoms and individualization.
  • Constitutional remedies act by decreasing the susceptibility of the individual towards the infectious disease; strengthening the vital force; enhancing the vitality; eradicating the predisposition to infection and increasing the general immunity of the person.

Use of nosodes

  • In this type of Homoeoprophylaxis, an identical nosode is used.
  • A nosode of the threatening miasm is administrated as a preventive.

Genus epidemicus

  • Genus epidemicus is Dr. Hahnemann’s method for tracing specific homoeoprophylaxis for the prevailing epidemic disease.
  • The best preventive can be determined only after the epidemic has appeared, and its peculiar nature has been established.
  • “Genus epidemicus” is the medicine which is to be found out in every epidemic condition.
  • Genus epidemicus is ascertained by collecting the common symptoms found to be present in numerous patients suffering from that epidemic disease. These common symptoms are then matched with the symptoms of the drugs, that drug which closely matches these common symptoms is considered to be the “Genus epidemicus” of that particular epidemic.
  • The genus epidemicus differs from epidemic to epidemic as the symptoms experienced during every epidemic is different.
  • The genus epidemicus remedy shall prevent the disease and shall generally abort the early stages of the disease prior to the development of more dangerous symptoms.
  • Eg: During the swine flu epidemic, few years ago, Influenzinum and Arsenic Alb were considered to be preventive.


There are several reasons to opt for homoeopathic treatment. Some of them are as mentioned below-

  • Free from any danger or adverse effects
  • Gentle form of healing
  • Results are long lasting
  • Scientific mode of treatment based on fixed principles, laws and doctrines
  • Medicines are easy to consume
  • Drugs have a pleasant sweet taste
  • Inexpensive mode of therapeutics
  • Only system of healing where drugs are proved on healthy human beings
  • Helpful in boosting the resistance of an individual
  • Treats the patient as a whole, not a particular organ or system
  • Also used on the preventive level
  • Useful in all stages of life
  • Helpful in averting surgery in few cases
  • Prevents reoccurrence of conditions
  • Treats the root cause of the disease
  • Has good scope in psychological and skin conditions
  • Medicines are not addictive


Potency & Dosage

  • There is no standard potency or dosage in Homeopathy.
  • Potency, dosage and repetition of doses is dependent on numerous factors such as the susceptibility (reactivity) of the patient, nature and phase of disease; seat of disease; intensity of the disease; previous treatment if taken by the patient; etc.
  • As the above-mentioned factors differ from patient to patient; the potency, dosage and repetition of dose too, shall differ. A qualified Homoeopathic physician can appropriately assess these aspects.

How to Take

For effective action of Homoeopathic medicines, there are certain instructions that have to be followed when consuming Homoeopathic medicine.

Some of them are as follows:-

  • Intake of food or drinks should be avoided, minimum 10-15 minutes before and after consuming the medicine. Medicine should be consumed on a clean and fresh mouth. Absorption of the medicine takes place from the inner linings of the mouth.
  • Intake of raw onions, raw garlic and strong coffee is to be avoided as they interfere with the absorption of the medicine. It also hinders the action of the medicine.
  • Avoid taking the medicine immediately after consuming tobacco or alcohol.
  • The medicine dispensed in the pill or powder form should be kept on or below the tongue and it should not be chewed or swallowed. The medicine itself gets dissolved in the saliva.

Modes of consuming the Homeopathic medicines

  • The liquid is either dispensed in small white globules or in powder and you can place either it directly under or over the tongue.
  • Appropriate quantity of the liquid, as instructed by the qualified Homoeopathic physician is mixed in a one-fourth cup of water and can be consumed.
  • Appropriate quantity of the liquid, as instructed by the qualified physician is taken directly on the tongue.

Dose and repetition of the medicine shall be as per the advice of the Homoeopathic physician.

Dose Adjustments

Dose adjustments are done based on numerous factors such as the susceptibility of the patient, nature and phase of disease; seat of disease; intensity of the disease; etc. Based on these factors the dose can be repeated every five minutes too, in acute diseases.

Recommended Treatment Duration

  • There is no fixed treatment duration in Homoeopathy as the reactivity of the medicine differs from person to person.
  • In Homoeopathy, every individual is considered as different as every individual reacts and responds in a different manner.
  • Some patients may require the medicine for longer periods while some may require it for a shorter period.
  • The requirement of the medicine is not dependent on the disease but on the symptoms expressed by the patient.
  • The Homoeopathic physician shall be the best person to judge the treatment duration for every individual case.


Side Effects

  • Homoeopathic medicines are free from any side effects as they are prepared from 100% natural sources and do not possess any chemicals.
  • Homoeopathic medicines are prepared by utilizing a process known as potentisation, which dilutes the original substance to a point where there are only miniscule amounts of the original drug substance left. Remedies this dilute produce no side effects. Therefore, it is a harmless and a well-tolerated mode of treatment in people of all age groups, though it should be taken only under medical advice and supervision.
  • It can be used without any danger in infants, geriatric, pregnant and breast feeding patients.
  • However, liquid homoeopathic medicines possess alcohol, but it produces no adverse effects.
  • However, one thing has to be kept in mind that Homoeopathy is a harmless system of healing only when Homoeopathic medicines are prescribed as per the principles of Homoeopathy. If the principles of Homoeopathy are not followed then, there is no assurance of safety or cure.


There is no toxicity noted as the source of medicines is natural; devoid of any chemical toxicity and minute doses of the medicines are administered.

The uniqueness about homoeopathy is that every medicine is proved on healthy human beings & their effects are recorded. Thus, the effects that shall be produced on a patient after administering the medicine are known. Hence, there is no possibility of any danger to the patient.

Allergic Reactions (Allergy)

Homoeopathic medicines produce no allergic reactions.

Pregnancy & Breastfeeding

Effects of the medicines are well known prior to the administration of the drug. Hence, it can be safely used during pregnancy and breastfeeding. but only under the supervision of a qualified Homoeopathic physician.


There are no contraindications for the use Homoeopathy, but medicines should be taken only when prescribed by a qualified Homoeopathic physician. Cure through Homoeopathy is not possible in every condition.

Drug Interactions

Homoeopathic medicines are natural and are devoid of any chemical toxicity. Hence, there is no risk of any drug interaction.

Warnings & Precautions

Homoeopathic medicines should be consumed only under the supervision and advice of a qualified Homoeopathic physician, following the principles of Homoeopathy.


Certain guidelines are to be followed while storing homoeopathic medicines as proper storage shall preserve the quality of the medicine. Few guidelines for proper storage of Homoeopathic medicines are as follows:-

  • Avoid exposure to excessive heat or to direct sunlight, as these remedies are light sensitive. Store them in a cool place away from moisture.
  • Avoid storing the medicine near a microwave or a television, as exposure to high magnetic fields may interfere with the therapeutic effects of the remedy.
  • Avoid exposing the medicine to strong smelling substances as they can hinder the action of the medicine. Store it away from strong fragrances.
  • It should be stored out of reach of children.


  • Law of Similars – Disease producing power is the disease curing power
  • Potentisation – Process of drug preparation
  • Vital force – Deranged vital force responsible for giving rise to symptoms
  • Drug Proving – Only system to prove drugs on healthy human beings
  • Case taking – Detailed recording of symptoms
  • Qualities of Cure – Permanent and risk-free
  • Considers the holistic and individualistic concept


Features Homoeopathic medicines Biochemic medicines
Based on Law of Similars Theory of Deficiency
Origin of symptoms Disturbed vital force Deficiency of a mineral salt
Preparation In the centesimal scale In decimal scale
Acts on Energy level Physiological level
Action Stimulates the body to heal itself. Replenishes the deficient mineral salt
Administration In low and high potencies In low potencies
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