Learn About Ayurveda, Unani & Siddha Medicines

Equisetum Arvense (Field Horsetail)

Equisetum Arvense, commonly called Field horsetail, is a herb useful in the treatment of weak bones, injuries, ulcers, joint pains, muscle stiffness, and renal stones. It acts as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent and helps in the treatment of immunological diseases and diabetes. It is also used to treat liver disorders and infections. It is an excellent natural source of minerals and other health-promoting compounds.

HOW IT WORKS

Equisetum Arvense works by acting as an antioxidant. It maintains the health and functions of the organs by preventing oxidative damage. It also produces an anti-inflammatory action and prevents pain and swelling in different tissues such as the bones, joints, muscles, skin and the liver. The hepatoprotective action of this herb can be useful for the patients suffering from liver diseases.

THINGS TO KNOW

Equisetum Arvense contains several essential minerals including potassium, silica, manganese, iron, calcium, and phosphate. It also contains a small amount of active compounds such as Tannins, Flavonoids, Glycosides, Resins, and Alkaloids. These compounds help in maintaining the health of a person and prevent several diseases.

INDICATIONS & USES

  • Kidney Stones
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Fluid Retention or edema
  • Wounds and ulcers
  • Osteoporosis
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Infections
  • Immunological disorders
  • Liver disorders
  • Cognition decline

RECOMMENDED DOSAGE

Patients can use Equisetum Arvense in a dose of 0.33 grams per kg body weight. The dose may vary depending on the specific condition to be treated and the severity of the symptoms.

BENEFITS & EFFECTIVENESS

Equisetum Arvense is used for the treatment of renal stones. It can also enhance the kidney functions. Hence, it is also used for preventing excessive water retention. The use of Equisetum Arvense is also recommended for the patients suffering from bone and joint diseases such as osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis. It can be used to treat wounds and ulcers on the skin. It can also help to prevent skin infections caused due to bacteria and fungi. It can control the blood sugar levels in the diabetic patients. It is also used to relieve the symptoms of immunological and hepatic disorders. A regular use of this medicine can prevent or slow down the Cognition decline.

Kidney disorders

Equisetum Arvense can be used to treat renal stones. It can relieve the symptoms caused due to a kidney stone such as severe pain while passing urine, blood in urine, and retention of urine. It can also help in the expulsion of the stone from the body by acting as a diuretic. It increases the secretion of urine. This helps to exert a greater force on the stone, which results in its expulsion from the body.

It also corrects the abnormalities that can cause an increased tendency to develop kidney stones. A high density of urine is a common cause of recurrent renal stones. It may occur due to dehydration, or concentrated urine. Equisetum Arvense can help to reduce the urine density and thus, lower the risk of renal stone.

Equisetum Arvense is also used in cases where the improperly functioning kidneys lead to water retention. The diuretic action of Equisetum Arvense helps to promote the kidney functions and increases the production of urine. This property of Equisetum Arvense can be attributed to the flavonoids, phenolic compounds, and mineral salts present in this herb.

It helps to relieve the retention of water and sodium by promoting their removal from the body. It can also relieve the symptoms caused due to the water retention such as breathlessness, swelling of the face and legs, and nausea. (1)

Musculoskeletal disorders

Equisetum Arvense is indicated in the management of painful disorders affecting the joints, muscles, and bones. It acts as an antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory agent. It helps to reduce the sensitivity of tissues to any painful stimulus and thus, relieves pain. A high dose of this herb can produce an analgesic and sedative effect. It can provide relief from pain and soothe and calm the affected tissues.

Equisetum Arvense contains anti-inflammatory agents like Sterols, Flavonoids, Saponins, and Tannins, which block the effect of the pro-inflammatory compounds and ease inflammation thus decreasing the severity of pain. (2)

It is also used for treating osteoporosis. It offers a rich source of Silicon, a key element needed for protecting the integrity of the bones and increasing bone mineral density. Silica promotes the absorption and utilization of calcium by the bones thus making them stronger and denser. Silica also enhances the synthesis of a protein called collagen in the bones. It helps to stabilize the bone tissues and increases their strength.

Equisetum Arvense also works by increasing the number of the bone-forming cells called osteoblasts and inhibiting the cells that can break down the bone tissues called the osteoclasts. This dual action of Equisetum Arvense is highly effective in preventing the loss of bone mineral density.

Hence, men and women, who are at a high risk of osteoporosis or bone degradation, can use this herb on a regular basis to prevent its complications like fractures.

Skin diseases

Equisetum Arvense is used for treating skin ailments such as wounds, ulcers, and infections. It can enhance the wound healing processes and ensure faster repair of the damaged parts. It can also reduce the size of the scar. The anti-inflammatory action of this herb can help to reduce swelling and redness at the affected site. It also produces a soothing effect and relieves pain.

Equisetum Arvense also promotes the regeneration of the skin cells and allows for the quick healing of ulcers. Saponin and silicon present in this herb support the healing mechanisms and prevents further damage to the tissues. The antibacterial and antifungal potential of Equisetum Arvense can help to prevent skin infections. (3)

Diabetes Mellitus

Equisetum Arvense produces a hypoglycemic activity, which helps to reduce the blood sugar levels. The antioxidants present in this herb prevent the free radical damage to the pancreatic beta-cells, thus ensuring sufficient production of insulin. These effects of Equisetum Arvense can help to control diabetes and prevent its complications. (4)

SAFETY & TOXICOLOGY

Equisetum Arvense is not known to cause any side effects. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should use this herb only after consulting an ayurvedic physician. Also, the use of this herb continuously for more than 2 months should be avoided.

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